Tag Archives: printer

SmartParallel: stripboard prototype – now with blinkenlights

Okay, so the next stage of the stripboard prototype for the SmartParallel serial to parallel printer interface went well. Mostly. As planned, I added a bar LED block with eight segments to show the state of the data lines, along with power-limiting resistors in the form of a resistor array. I also added four LEDs. Three are driven via a… Read more »

SmartParallel: stripboard prototype

Things went from bad to worse with the breadboard prototype of the SmartParallel serial to parallel printer interface. All was fine for a while. Lines of text sent from my Mac via an FTDI cable were duly printed on the Epson MX-80 F/T III dot matrix printer. But then, every now and again, the printer would randomly reset. After a… Read more »

SmartParallel: pulling up and pulling down

It’s never a good idea to let signals float around in the no-man’s land between the high state and the low state. This is why we so often use pullup and pulldown resistors. You set the line to a known, definite state by default and then switch it as necessary. Some uses of pullup and pulldown resistors are obvious. Some… Read more »

SmartParallel: breadboard prototype

A major reason for doing breadboard prototypes is to learn what mistakes you’ve made in your circuit design. Of course, it’s also a way to introduce brand new errors. Or both. Before committing to fabricating PCBs, I wanted to check out whether my design for the SmartParallel dot matrix printer interface would even work. My confidence was reasonably high because,… Read more »

SmartParallel: hacking a Centronics connector

Okay, I lied. Having ordered the PCBs for my Centronics breakout board, and also having ordered a couple of DB25 breakout boards via Ebay, I settled in for the long wait I knew would follow. I said in an earlier post that I was getting used to these two to three-week delivery times for stuff coming from China. The truth… Read more »

SmartParallel: Centronics breakout board

Creating a full breadboard version of the SmartParallel board is turning out not to be a five-minute affair. It has to be done meticulously and methodically if it is to have any value as a prototype. Fitting it all on to a single breadboard is proving challenging too. And that got me thinking. What about replicating at least part of… Read more »

DottyMatrix: a simple solution?

The DottyMatrix project began when I thought, ‘It would be nice to make use of my old Epson MX-80 F/T III dot matrix printer’. The problem was talking to it. But then I thought, ‘It’s just parallel printer interface. I’ll make a microcontroller-based device to act as an interface. How hard can that be?’. The answer, it turns out, is… Read more »

DottyMatrix: A simple acknowledgement

Although it was gratifying (and surprising) that my DottyMatrix serial-to-parallel interface worked as soon as I plugged it into an actual printer, there was one nagging flaw. And that was a lack of acknowledgement. The /ACK signal in the Centronics interface was often sadly neglected, if not ignored completely. But in theory, the sequence for printing a character goes like… Read more »

DottyMatrix: Printing to an actual printer

It seems the repairs to my venerable Epson MX-80 F/T III dot matrix printer did actually work because it’s now printing again! What’s more, it’s printing via the prototype of my DottyMatrix serial to Centronics parallel interface. Time for a quick recap. The DottyMatrix is based around an AVR ATMEGA328PB microcontroller. It takes input on a TTL-level serial connection and… Read more »

DottyMatrix: It’s alive!

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My old, beloved Epson MX-80 F/T III dot matrix printer is back in the land of the living. For now. As you can see from some of my earlier posts, I’m designing a serial-to-parallel interface with Centronics compatible DB25 connector so that I can print to my Epson from anything with a TTL serial port, such as a Raspberry Pi…. Read more »

DottyMatrix: ghost of the typewriter and the curse of the carriage return

In designing my DottyMatrix serial-to-parallel printer interface, I had to decide how it would handle the incoming data stream. The purpose of the DottyMatrix is to connect my venerable Epson MX-80 F/T III dot matrix printer to (probably) a Raspberry Pi so that I can print out text files, such as program listings. Obviously, it would be good if it… Read more »

DottyMatrix and Virtual Printer – together at last

It’s great when a plan comes together. Having independently played around with my DottyMatrix serial-to-parallel printer interface and the Virtual Printer (designed to simulate my still-dead Epson MX-80 F/T III dot matrix printer), it was time to hook them together. And it worked! On the left is the DottyMatrix using my prototyping board for the ATMEGA328PB microcontroller. Its serial port… Read more »

Virtual printer & more fun with AVR interrupts

In building my AVR ATMEGA328P-based ‘virtual parallel printer‘, there were two signals that required special treatment. So it was time to revisit interrupts. On a Centronics-style parallel port, the host machine sends an ‘init’ or reset signal to the printer to tell it to flush its buffers and set itself to the default state. It also sends a ‘strobe’ signal… Read more »

Building a virtual parallel printer

Here’s a tip for anyone building a device designed to interface with a parallel printer – you kind of need a parallel printer to test it on. That shouldn’t have been a problem. My DottyMatrix project – which will allow me to send data over a serial connection and have it printed on my Epson MX-80 F/T III dot matrix… Read more »

Getting to grips with the parallel interface

The Centronics interface seemed such an intrinsic part of a computer’s architecture that, to those of us whose computing coming-of-age was in the 1970s or 1980s, it seemed unimaginable that it would all but disappear. Who knew that serial interfaces would one day reign supreme? There’s something still very satisfying about hooking up a parallel connection, with fat cables and… Read more »